A coed Quaker school for grades K through 8

Curriculum

  K 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
Mathematics                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
Reading                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
Writing, Speaking, Listening                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
Science                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
Social Studies                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
Spanish                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
French                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
Music                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
Physical Education                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
Health and Wellness                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
Art                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
Shop                                                                                                                         Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
Religion                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course                                                             Course
Electives                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Course                                                             Course

Math in Upper School

In Upper School Math students are encouraged to explore, recognize, demonstrate and express mathematical ideas and relationships that occur in the physical world. The use of manipulatives, various forms of technology such as Active Boards, graphing calculators and other data collection devices, help guide children from these early concrete explorations to abstract mathematical thinking. Children develop an appreciation for the value and use of mathematics as well as the problem solving skills of reasoning, estimating, and communicating. This allows children to encounter increasingly complex mathematical concepts. Mathematical learning is spiraled to ensure confidence and proficiency not only in arithmetic, but also in patterning, functions, geometry, measurement, probability, statistics, data analysis and logic. In grades K-5, we have a math coordinate teacher who works with all students in small groups to enhance and supplement the math program. Starting in 6th, students are grouped into two paths: a standard math program and an accelerated program that continues through the 8th grade. In the standard math program, students complete two thirds of the algebra I curriculum. The accelerated math program navigates through Algebra I in 7th and Advanced Algebra in 8th grade.

Science in Lower School

The sense of wonder in children drives them to be relentless explorers of the natural world. The school, set on a picturesque, 44-acre, wooded campus, provides countless opportunities for the journeys related to this exploration. Beginning in Kindergarten, students are introduced to the gifts nature provides. Discovery is central to the Lower School program. Students are taught to observe and question in an effort to understand and explain the environment in which they live.

Kindergarten Units of Study

  • Seasons
  • Colors
  • Birds
  • Animal tracks
  • Dinosaurs
  • Trees and Leaves
  • Worms
  • Rainforest
  • Fossils
  • Chemical reactions (solid to liquid)

1st Grade Units of Study

  • Maps
  • Plants
  • Solids and Liquids
  • Weather
  • Measurement
  • Design technology

Science in 2nd Grade

Second Grade

Three units of study are explored in 2nd Grade science. Students are introduced to Habitats and Ecosystems in the fall and use the FOSS (Full Option Science System) curriculum to investigate Magnetism and Electricity during the winter months. As spring unfolds, students transition to the study trees and butterflies. Studies are designed and delivered from an inquiry-­‐based platform, and students are taught to use and practice scientific skills, to create science notebooks, and to explore our local environs.

Habitat and Ecosystems

Students learn about the defining elements of habitats and ecosystems. They are introduced to local habitats and explore those on campus. Habitats are introduced in the context of Ecosystems where students are encouraged to make connections among different habitats and ecosystems -­‐ including their importance to the natural world. Students also conduct an “Adopt A Tree’ project where they will follow a particular tree and the changes throughout the seasons.

FOSS Electricity and Magnetism

Students are introduced to the concepts of electricity and magnetism through five modules. These investigations allow students to explore their world by observing the affects of magnetism and electricity. Students build simple electrical circuits and observe outcomes. Students also explore with magnets to investigate how different materials attract.

Trees and Butterflies

Students explore the anatomy and function of trees. We continue our “Adopt A Tree” project with our fall explorations. Students create silhouettes of leaves, identify common tree characteristics and participate in making syrup from our sap collected by our BFS students. Our butterfly studies include life cycles, habitats and anatomy. Students create models of various stages of the butterfly and continue to observe, sketch and explore these beautiful creatures.

Science in Middle School

Research and study skills are integrated into lessons and investigations throughout the year and provide a vital platform that upholds academic content. Students are introduced to  science notebooks to record and facilitate their experience and engagement with scientific knowledge and phenomena.

3rd Grade

Earth science studies comprise the content in third grade science. Rock and mineral studies open the year to lay the groundwork towards building an integrated network of concepts. A special project assigned mid-year, transitions students from their earth science investigations to that of plant anatomy, composts and gardens. Concurrent with learning scientific content, students also are instructed in both study and research skills with a particular focus on observation and classification. Using their cumulative understanding, students conclude their instruction with a sustainability project where they learn to actively contribute in helpful and resourceful ways for themselves and their community.

4th Grade

Students learn about the earth’s atmosphere thorough investigations of weather and climate. Viewed from global and local perspectives, students study local weather phenomena and participate in discussions surrounding the global effects of climate change. A mid-winter project on comparative planetology uses their knowledge of the earth’s atmosphere to investigate other planet’s atmospheres. Investigations into properties of matter follow the atmospheric topics and are complimented by activities that build measurement skills. Animal classification is introduced and brings the year to a close as students are taught to make connections among climate, weather and the earth’s diverse biomes

5th Grade

Science studies open with physical geography investigations. Students learn about topographic classification systems and symbols of map making. They explore their own local topographic landscape (BFS campus) and use methods to create maps. A primer of geology and soil science is reviewed and discussed in context of the formation of landscape features. Investigations into biodiversity follows and is summarized in an end-of-year project that includes the creation of a fictional topography set with a realistic ecosystem parameters.

Science in 6th Grade

Sixth Grade

An innovative curriculum from the Science Education for Public Understanding Program (SEPUP) is implemented in 6th grade science. The unit Water Issues in Physical Sciences (IAPS) integrates lessons and research skills throughout the year that provide a vital platform for academic content. Students are introduced to the concept of science notebooks and use this important tool for their investigations and understanding.

Water Unit

Students study and investigate issues around water and society. They examine water quality issues in a fictional community and investigate epidemiological studies of microorganisms in community water supplies. Students engage in rich discussion about water rights and safe treatment. Students also investigate physical properties of water by comparing liquid properties and exploring water solubility. The Buckingham Friends School Joint Environmental Mission is easily woven into the water curriculum as students hear from peers and other educators about the concerns surrounding communities and clean water.

Energy Unit

Students are introduced to the concept of energy, its ability to transfer and our ability to conserve. They learn about types of energy and how energy is classified and used. Important discussion on topics of renewable and non-renewable energy supplies allow students the opportunity to think about personal and community choices and the trade-off associated with them.

7th and 8th Grade Science

The sense of wonder in children drives them to be relentless explorers of the natural world. The school, set on a picturesque, 44-acre, wooded campus, provides countless opportunities for the journeys related to this exploration. Beginning in Kindergarten, students are introduced to the gifts nature provides. Discovery is central to the Lower School program. Students are taught to observe and question in an effort to understand and explain the environment in which they live. In Middle School, instruction shifts to experimental exploration where skills and concepts are introduced and used as focal points for the gathering of information. In Upper School, skills are honed, scientific methodologies are refined, and an in depth study of content is pursued. By the end of eighth grade, students have nurtured their sense of wonder, discovered the world around them, developed a functional body of scientific knowledge and learned their connection to the natural world. They are ready to move on to be incisive, critical thinkers and conscientious stewards of the planet.

7th Grade Units of Study

  • Introduction to Life Science
  • Living Things
  • Ecosystems and Cycles in the Environment
  • Darwin, Natural Selection and Evolution
  • Cells and Cell Structure
  • Population and Communities
  • Cell Processes and Energy

8th Grade Units of Study

  • Measurement and Reporting
  • Chemistry
  • Astronomy
  • Geology

Social Studies in Lower School

Social Studies begins with children learning to appreciate and respect the worth and dignity of each person. Children learn strategies and language for making friends, cooperating at work and play, sharing and taking turns, and being comfortable, attentive and productive in a wide variety of situations. Children learn how to use maps, the internet and other materials to explore the physical and cultural aspects of significant and selected regions of the world and to better understand the cultural diversity of a world undergoing globalization. Through the JEM program, children are able to engage in home-stay cultural exchanges with permanent partner school in Hawaii, Russia, Kenya, India, China, Australia, Ecuador, and France. In Lower School, some families serve as hosts for visiting students.

Kindergarten Units of Study

  • Myself in Kindergarten
  • My Community
  • Life Skills
  • JEM Countries
  • Continents
  • Global Awareness
  • Holidays
  • Famous People

First Grade Units of Study

  • All About Me
  • My Community
  • JEM Countries
  • Global Awareness
  • China/Japan

Second Grade Units of Study

  • Holidays
  • My Community
  • JEM Countries
  • Global Awareness
  • Native Americans- Lenape

Social Studies in Middle School

Social Studies begins with children learning to appreciate and respect the worth and dignity of each person. Children learn strategies and language for making friends, cooperating at work and play, sharing and taking turns, and being comfortable, attentive and productive in a wide variety of situations. Children learn how to use maps, the internet and other materials to explore the physical and cultural aspects of significant and selected regions of the world and to better understand the cultural diversity of a world undergoing globalization. Through the JEM program, children are able to engage in home-stay cultural exchanges with permanent partner school in Hawaii, Russia, Kenya, India, China, Australia, Ecuador, and France. In Middle School, some families serve as hosts for visiting students.

Third Grade Units of Study

  • Our Community
  • Mapping
  • Marketing-Building Our Community
  • Earth- Continents and Oceans
  • Life in the 1900’s- Apple Valley School

Fourth Grade Units of Study

  • Pennsylvania
  • World Geography
  • Brief History up to 1450
  • European Exploration

Fifth Grade Units of Study

  • Human Life on the early American Continent
  • First Americans
  • Life in the English Colonies
  • Struggle for Independence
  • Forming an Independent Government
  • A Nation in Conflict
  • Next Frontier

Social Studies in Upper School

Social Studies begins with children learning to appreciate and respect the worth and dignity of each person. Children learn strategies and language for making friends, cooperating at work and play, sharing and taking turns, and being comfortable, attentive and productive in a wide variety of situations. Children learn how to use maps, the internet and other materials to explore the physical and cultural aspects of significant and selected regions of the world and to better understand the cultural diversity of a world undergoing globalization. Through the JEM program, children are able to engage in home-stay cultural exchanges with permanent partner school in Hawaii, Russia, Kenya, India, China, Australia, Ecuador, and France.

6th Grade Units of Study

  • World Geography
  • Middle East
  • China
  • Mexico and Latin America
  • Canada
  • South Africa
  • Australia
  • India
  • Washington DC
  • World Cultures Celebration

7th Grade Units of Study

  • Intro to Ancient Civilizations
  • Early Civilizations of Africa
  • Early Civilizations of Southwest Asia
  • Ancient Rome
  • Ancient Greece
  • Ancient China and the Americas

8th Grade Units of Study

  • Civics- Structure of Government and Role of a Citizen
  • Early Explorers
  • The Constitution
  • Writing a Bill
  • National issues
  • Defending a Bill - Model Congress

Spanish in Upper School

Spanish, Level I, is presented over three years at Buckingham Friends School: 6th, 7th and 8th grades. The class is scheduled to meet four times per week for 40-50 minutes. The goal of the course is to prepare students for a Level II course, or higher, in the 9th grade.

In addition to textbooks, students use a variety of print and digital media to acquire skills and learn the Spanish language. Some of these resources include: workbooks, short novels, teaching videos, movies, magazines, children’s books, and online resources. Lecture, reading, dialogs, discovery, memorization, and visuals are all used in conjunction with listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Communication outcomes, structure (grammar) and culture are essential elements of every lesson/unit.

French in Lower School

Kindergarten

Kindergarten French focuses on developing: student’s ears to new sounds, native fluency, and joy in learning a new language and culture. Students aquire language through songs, games, puppetry, flash cards, audiotapes and stories. Students learn greetings, classroom instructions, body parts, the alphabet, numbers (1-­‐21), birthdays, animals, toys, colors, members of the family, musical instruments, feelings, sports, famous monuments in Paris, food and action verbs.

First Grade

The main objectives in this class are exposure to new French sounds, words and sentences, engagement in simple conversation, and appreciation of a different culture through songs, games, flash cards, audiotapes and stories. Some of the topics covered during the course of the year are: days of the week, the zoo, the circus, telephone conversations, clothes, numbers (1-­‐30), temperature, a king’s family, breakfast, lunch and dinner, sports, Halloween, Christmas in France, temperature, time, the house and beginning grammar.

Second Grade

By Second Grade students are gaining a solid foundation of the French language and culture with enthusiasm and joy, and beginning to read and write. Activities include videos, games, skits and stories.
Some of the topics covered are: fall and winter sports, folk costumes in different regions of France, transportation, French bakery and pastry shops, places in the city, words with the letters of the alphabet, numbers (1-­‐40), the four seasons, helping parents with chores and grammar.

French in Middle School

3rd Grade

The Third Grade French class covers many interesting subjects such as table talk, going to a French restaurant, fall, winter and spring sports, places in the city, house chores, arranging things with friends, shopping, hobbies, professions, music and musical instruments, rooms in the house, animals, clothing, phone calls, countries and nationalities, places to go, the globe, French currency, classroom objects, numbers 1-40, Halloween, Thanksgiving, a French student’s typical day in France, the Eiffel Tower, Christmas in France, telling the time, colors, directions, looking for things, Mother’s Day, and summer vacation.

While enjoying these subjects, the students are encouraged to build their vocabulary, translate sentences, understand beginning grammar, carry a conversation, repeat new sounds and words, and write sentences while being exposed to the French culture.

 

4th Grade and Fifth Grade

The goals of 4th and 5th Grade French are: to acquire proficiency in communicating; to allow maximum interaction among students based on tasks that simulate real life experiences; to build confidence in using all the language elements studied. This course begins a formal study of French language by integrating the four language skills - listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Listening and speaking are the major components along with oral activities like role-play and class conversation on familiar topics. Writing and reading are incorporated into both class and homework time. Through language use students are introduced to several aspects of French culture and daily life in France as well as other francophone countries.

4th Grade topics include:

  • greetings
  • dates and days of the week
  • count up to 100
  • items in the classroom
  • physical appearance and personality
  • relationships
  • family members and pets
  • professions
  • articles of clothing
  • body parts
  • likes and dislikes-favorite sports and pastimes

Grammar: gender and number of nouns; definite and indefinite articles; agreement of adjectives; possessive adjectives; subject pronouns; present tense of être and avoir; negative sentences.

5th Grade topics include:

  • Physical appearance and personality
  • Time
  • Daily routines
  • Days, months, and seasons
  • Weather
  • Dates
  • Places in town
  • Food
  • Stores
  • Home and neighborhood
  • Transportation
  • Holidays and vacations

Grammar: The present tense of the –er verbs; the present tense of the verbs avoir, faire, aller and pouvoir; some expressions with avoir; the contractions with à, and de; les adjectifs possessifs; le partitif; les prépositions.

French in Upper School

The French program in the Upper School is designed to: help students build linguistic proficiency and strive for accuracy in communication; encourage students to think critically and take risks while expressing themselves in French by using all the elements of language at their disposal; integrate culture and language in a way that stimulates curiosity and deepens their understanding of other cultures; and enhance appreciation of the cultures of the diverse Francophone world. This course integrates the four language skills – listening, speaking, reading, and writing – to prepare students to accomplish real communicative tasks in French. It uses a variety of materials, particularly media and technology, to support different learning styles. The pen pal correspondence and the exchange program with Collège Saint Martial in Montmorillon, France extend the classroom experience allowing students to develop relationship with French students and providing opportunities to use the language and explore the culture.

6th Grade topics include:

  • greetings
  • name and age
  • express likes, dislikes and preferences
  • discuss student life including sports, pastimes and school subjects
  • describe things, family, home and neighborhood
  • tell time
  • describe weather
  • tell what belongs to you and others
  • identify foods, shop for food, order food and beverages at a café or restaurant
  • describe future events.

Grammar: usage of articles; numbers 0-1000; plural of articles, nouns, and adjectives; agreement of adjectives; contractions with à and de; possessive adjectives; demonstrative adjectives; adverbs of frequency; present tense of -er verbs; present tense of the verbs avoir, être, prendre, faire and aller; verbe + infinitif; future proche; negation; question (est-ce que, inversion); imperative.

7th Grade topics include:

  • tell what people are able to do and want to do
  • discuss color, size and price of clothing
  • pay compliments, criticize, make decisions
  • compare people and things
  • obtain and provide information about taking a flight and procedures at the airport
  • purchase a train ticket and consult a timetable
  • use expressions related to air and train travel
  • make plans for week- ends and vacations including places
  • time, means of transportation, and weather; describe past actions and events

Grammar: the conjugation of the -ir verbs and –re verbs; the conjugation of the verbs pouvoir, vouloir, mettre, voir, croire, sortir, partir, dormir, servir, dire, écrire, lire; the agreement and position of irregular adjectives; the comparatif; the adjectives quel and tout; negative words; question words; the imperative; the forms and usage of the passé compose (avoir); and specific expressions of time.

8th Grade topics include:

  • team sports and physical activities
  • weather
  • summer and winter activities and sports
  • daily routines and family life
  • communicate about going to the movies, visiting museums, attending theater performances
  • discuss simply, both orally and in writing, the plot, setting, characters and major themes of films
  • tell what you know and who you know
  • describe an illness and have a prescription filled
  • refer to people and things already mentioned
  • read in context

Grammar: Passé composé of regular and irregular verbs; the auxiliary verbs avoir and être; specific expressions of time; reflexive verbs; the conjugation of the irregular verbs boire, devoir, recevoir, savoir, and connaître, souffrir and ouvrir; les mots interrogatifs; les mots négatifs; the direct and indirect object pronouns; indefinite pronoun en; idiomatic use of prepositions; prepositions with geographical names.

Music in Lower School

Kindergarten, First and Second Grades

The Lower School music program is designed to develop and encourage a love for music. Students focus on exploring sounds, rhythms, reading basic notation, singing, and learning through a variety of games and activities. Students learn how to perform on various percussion instruments and compose their own works based on speech patterns and movement.

Music in Middle School

Middle school music focuses on applying the fundamentals of music making and theory. Singing, notating, and reading music are the skills taught through many activities, in addition to movement and music history.

3rd Grade

Third grade begin playing the recorder, learning the notes of the treble clef, and continuing their study of rhythmic notation. Class focuses on ensemble performances incorporating Orff instruments such as Metallophones, Glockenspiels, and other non-­‐pitched percussion instruments. As with all grades, time is spent singing songs, working on rhythm and dynamics, and preparing for the Holiday concert.

4th Grade

Fourth Grade continues recorder study, performing more advanced pieces. The study of rhythmic notation continues, along with learning about different musical cultures. Orff instruments are incorporated as well as movement and choral pieces.

5th Grade

Fifth grade study more advanced rhythms using Orff instruments and speech to create wonderful ensemble pieces. The students actively engage in composing their own works. During the winter students begin to study music of Africa, India, and the Middle East.

Music in Upper School

Upper school music focuses on expression, creation, and performance. Along with preparing for the Holiday and Graduation programs, students actively engage in instrument playing, movement, music technology, history, and composition. Special attention is paid to choral pieces, refining skills of singing and performing with an ensemble.

Sixth Grade

The sixth grade students focus on choral pieces, as well as an composing their own movement and music based arrangements. The students are actively involved in the holiday program while working on music terminology and theory. The choral study is focused on creating a strong ensemble sound, blending, harmonizing, and dynamics. Students also have the opportunity to work in small groups to compose musical works incorporating movement, speech, and harmony.

Seventh Grade

The seventh grade students  focus on composition using music technology to record their own original works. The students are actively involved in preparing for graduation ceremonies, and focus on choral pieces for that performance. Topics covered include harmony, dynamics, vocal technique, blending, and advanced music theory. During the term, studies include music history and it’s evolution into the 20th century.

Eighth Grade

The eighth grade students focus on advanced music theory, song arrangements, chord progressions, and preparing for graduation ceremonies. They also explore music history of the twentieth century, the birth of Rock N Roll, and the political force of music in the 1960s and 70s.

Health and Wellness in Middle School

The core of the Middle School Health curriculum at Buckingham Friends is focused on Holistic Health and wellness. Class activities and discussions help students explore concepts pertaining to a balanced, healthy lifestyle from youth through adulthood.

Third Grade topics include:

  • Understanding components of Holistic Health: Physical, Social, Emotional, and Environmental
  • Feelings and Emotions
  • The body’s building blocks: cells, tissues, organs, and body systems
  • Nutrition, growth, and healthful eating habits
  • Strategies for safe and unsafe situations

Fourth grade topics include:

  • The basic categories of Holistic Health and the importance of keeping them in balance
  • Elements of personal character and self-concept, understanding responsible decision making
  • Managing stress
  • Body systems- circulatory, respiratory, nervous, skeletal, digestive
  • Physical fitness for life- flexibility, strength, endurance, posture, sport
  • Understanding the effects of tobacco use

Fifth grade topics include:

  • The basic categories of Holistic Health and the importance of keeping them in balance
  • The muscular and skeletal systems
  • The sensory organs: eyes, ears, skin, tongue, nose
  • First aid

Health and Wellness in Upper School

The focus of the Health curriculum at Buckingham Friend is about Holistic Health and wellness. Upper School class activities and discussions encourage students to appreciate the importance of maintaining healthy lifestyles from youth through adulthood.

6th Grade topics include:

  • Holistic Health
  • Communication skills
  • Stress and Management
  • Disease control and prevention
  • Nutrition
  • First aid

7th Grade topics include:

  • Holistic Health
  • Stress management and effective communication
  • Growth and development (anatomy and physiology)
  • Body transport systems (protecting and regulating)
  • Eating disorders
  • First aid

8th Grade topics include:

  • Holistic Health
  • Stress management and effective communication
  • Growth and development (anatomy and physiology)
  • The Nervous and Endocrine systems
  • Alcohol and drug awareness
  • First aid

Art in Lower School

Art Education in Lower School is centered on skills building. Kindergarten, First and Second grade students are exposed to a variety of mediums from which they will acquire the appropriate skill set necessary for problem solving. Color is studied in terms of identification, classification, and mixing. All lessons are based in Art history, which assists students in acquiring a language specific to the study of Art.

Art in Middle School

Art Education in the 3rd, 4th and 5th grades continues the acquisition of skills, furthers the students’ understanding of Art History, and broadens their use of Art terminology. The Elements of Art are introduced through practical application in lessons. All components are enhanced by the student’s learning to visualize. Visualizing enables students to break down components of an image in order for the brain to re-interpret, reconstruct, and understand the intent and process required to produce the image.

Art in Upper School

Art Education in the 6th, 7th and 8th grades continues to further, refine, and advance skills and problem solving abilities. Art History continues to be employed as a reference for all artwork. Students are encouraged to speak about art critically and demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the Elements of Art and Art terminology. An experienced understanding of a wide variety of mediums enables students to make judgments necessary to problem solve at a higher level. Personal reflection and interpretation are encouraged in the artwork, particularly with the integrated Art/Religion projects.

Shop in Lower School

First Grade

The First Grade experience is an orientation to the wood shop: what it is and what it can be used for. Topics of safety and names and functions of basic tools are introduced.

Second Grade

Second Grade instruction builds on experiences from First Grade. Safety issues continue to be stressed. More time is spent on the selection and planning of projects; understanding the importance of the time needed and the sequence of tasks necessary to achieve a final result. Students in both First and Second Grade focus on the following skills:

  • Their work will involve:
  • Discussion of how their ideas can become something three-dimensional
  • Development of drawing skills
  • Measurements and basic ruler reading
  • Further use of basic hand tools (coping saw, sand paper, glues and clamps, hammers
  • and nails, and painting)
  • Introduction of chisels, gouges, and files

Shop in Middle School

Third Grade

The Third Grade Shop experience involves implementing basic eye-hand coordination skills and techniques. It allows children to conceptualize and draw what they have in their imaginations as it relates to the assigned project. Students develop skills in drawing, ruler reading, and tracing, and become aware of tool choices for certain tasks. Tools such as saws, sandpaper, nails/hammers or screws/screwdrivers and glue are materials from which they may choose. They are taught safe and proper use of tools, safety practices in the shop space and courtesy to classmates’ ideas and project efforts.

Third Grade Students work to develop the following skills:

  • Possessing an I CAN attitude
  • Identifying tools
  • Formulating ideas on paper
  • Problem solving and reasoning
  • Renderings of three-dimensional ideas
  • Joining materials
  • Understanding choices of materials best suited to their project
  • Presenting orally to the class

Fourth Grade

The Fourth grade Shop experience builds on the foundation of the Third grade experience. Further attention is given to discussing ideas and options for the development of ideas. Students continue to work on developing drawing skills, ruler reading, and tracing skills. They are introduced to the idea of blueprints. Tools such as choices of saws, chisels, files or sand paper, hand planes, nails/hammers or screws/screwdrivers, glue or no glue, are regularly used on projects.

Fourth grade students work to develop the following skills:

  • Identification of different tools
  • Articulating ideas and supporting classmates
  • Problem solving and developing reasoning skills
  • Creating a “blue print” as a guide in the designing and building
  • process
  • Drawing 3-D renderings of  ideas
  • Applying new methods of joining materials
  • Understanding choices of materials best suited to projects
  • Discussing/assessing projects with the class

Fifth Grade

The Fifth grade Shop experience builds on the foundation of the preceding years’ experiences. Continued attention is given to discussing ideas and options for the development of the student’s ideas. Students continue to work on developing drawing skills, ruler reading and understanding tool choice as well as different options and ways of applying a finish to a piece. Safe and proper use of tools, safety practices in the shop space, and courtesy to classmates’ ideas and project efforts are stressed.

Fifth grade students work to develop the following skills:

  • Identification of different tools
  • Applying varied approaches to getting ideas on paper through drawing and dialogue
  • Problem solving and developing reasoning skills
  • Interpreting blueprints
  • Drawing techniques for 3-D renderings of ideas
  • Applying alternative methods of joining materials
  • Understanding choices of materials best suited to projects
  • Making oral presentations and mini critiques to the class
  • Applying finishing techniques

Shop in Upper School

Sixth Grade

The theme of Sixth Grade Shop is furniture building with particular focus on designing and understanding the basics of building a table. Students complete work during regularly scheduled classes and during Open Shop time.

Sixth grade students work to develop the following skills:

  • Selection and planning of three-dimensional interpretations
  • Scaled drawing techniques
  • Safety practices with hand and power tools
  • Construction of table designs with new joining techniques
  • Application of a finish to projects
  • Self and class assessments and critiques

Seventh and Eighth Grades

The focus continues to be around developing design ideas with an emphasis on learning new joinery and shaping techniques.Students complete work during regularly scheduled classes and during Open Shop time.

Students work to develop the following skills:

  • Selection and planning of three-dimensional interpretations
  • Scaled drawing techniques
  • Introduction to additional hand tools and safety practices
  • Joining techniques
  • Application of an appropriate finish to a project

In addition to Shop class, the seventh and eighth graders have an opportunity to select from a list of elective classes. The Shop elective is an opportunity for a small group, of typically four to six students, to immerse in a unique project where in-depth instruction is offered and more intricate techniques are explored. Enough time is provided in class for students to complete  work. If more time is necessary, students are encouraged to come to Open Shop. This is available once a week.

Religion in Middle and Upper School

3rd Grade

The third grade Religion curriculum introduces students to the Old Testament of the Bible and the religion of Judaism. Students learn about the history, basic beliefs and rituals of Judaism. Specific stories about Genesis, Moses, and Abraham are emphasized. Integrated Art/Religion projects center around the themes of Creation and Noah’s Ark.

4th Grade

The fourth grade Religion curriculum introduces students to the New Testament of the Bible and Christianity. Students learn about the birth, life, ministry and death of Jesus. They gain an understanding of the history, basic beliefs and rituals associated with Christianity. Integrated Art/Religion projects often include stained glass crosses, designing crosses and illuminated manuscripts.

5th Grade

The Fifth grade Religion curriculum is an introduction to the religion of Quakerism. Students learn about the inspiration and early history of the religion. Studies center around the life of George Fox and the influence of William Penn in the growth and promotion of Quakerism. Students gain an understanding of the inspiration, rituals, and language associated with Quakerism. Integrated Art/Religion projects may include illustrated prayers, prayer flags, or a graphic presentation of an essay.

Religion in Upper School

6th Grade

The sixth grade Religion curriculum is a more in-depth study of Quakerism. Through studying the Quaker Testimonies of Simplicity, Peace, Integrity, Community, Equality and Stewardship, students learn about the guiding principles which inspire Quakers, with an emphasis placed on living the Testimonies. A short research project of well known Quakers concludes the term. Personal reflection and interpretation are employed in an Art/Religion project focusing on the concept of the ‘Inner Light’ .

7th Grade

The seventh grade Religion curriculum is introduced with a brief unit on Ancient and Traditional religions. The main focus of the term is an introduction to the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. Students learn about the history, basic beliefs, sacred texts and rituals associated with both of these religions. Integrated Art/Religion projects often include Hindu Shrines and clay Buddhas.

8th Grade

The eighth grade Religion curriculum introduces students to the religion of Islam. Students learn about the history, basic beliefs, sacred text and rituals associated with Islam. The term concludes with a unit on Morals and Ethics. Student write reflective essays in an attempt to identify and understand their own morals and ethics. These personal findings are utilized as tools to guide students through in-class discussions and debates of current events and real-life dilemmas. Integrated Art/Religion projects may include an Islamic Prayer Rug, or a Hand of God project.

Electives in Upper School

Electives are offered each term in the Upper School. Students select from a range of offerings that vary from year to year. Elective courses offer an in-depth exploration of academic, art and athletic topics. Course offerings have included Photography, Scientific Dissection, Computer Programming, Yoga, Volleyball, Sculpture, Book Making, Clay, Cooking and Movie Making. Each term, students are given a diverse list of options from which to choose.

Photograph taken by Serena Bentley ‘13 in the Photography Elective.
 
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